Wind power is a significant renewable source of electricity production in France—second only to hydroelectricity. 2016 has been France’s best year in terms of industry development, with over 1.3 GW of new installed wind power capacity. These installations bring the country’s total land-based installed wind power capacity to approximately 11.7 GW.
The record installation rates are the result of simplified administrative procedures and better visibility in terms of regulatory changes. The annual electrical energy output from wind was 20 TWh, a decrease from 2015 despite higher installed power capacity, due to unfavorable wind conditions. Wind and all renewables covered 4.3% and 19.6% of national electricity demand, respectively.
Offshore wind also saw continued support in 2016, with the first phase of a competitive dialogue for a third tender in the Dunkerque area, as well as a preparation of a new tender in the Oléron area. The call for tenders for floating wind pilot farms also concluded in 2016, awarding three farms in the Mediterranean and one in the Atlantic.