Wind Energy in Denmark

denmark.jpgWind power capacity in Denmark increased by 169 MW in 2016, bringing the total to 5,246 MW (Table 1). In 2016, 228 MW of new turbines were installed while 59 MW were dismantled. No new wind turbines were installed offshore in 2016. Electricity production from wind turbines corresponded to 37.6% of the domestic electricity supply, compared to 42% in 2015. In 2016, Denmark’s energy consumption came from the following sources:
  • 38.4% from oil
  • 28.9% from renewable sources
  • 16.2% from natural gas
  • 11.7% from coal
  • 2.4% from imported electricity
  • 2.2% from nonrenewable waste
The wind energy index fell from a record 114 in 2015 to 90.2 in 2016. This resulted in a decline for both the wind energy production and the wind share of domestic electricity supply, despite increased capacity. The largest rated turbine is still the 8-MW Vestas with a 140-m tower, which was erected at the Østerild test site during December 2013 and January 2014. Two other 8-MW Vestas demo turbines on 118-m towers were installed near the harbor of Esbjerg in 2015 and 2016. Publicly-funded wind R&D was reduced substantially in 2016.

National Objectives

In 2016, the Danish government set a new objective of 50% renewable energy by 2030. The government also announced that it will present a proposal for a new energy agreement before the end of 2017. This will replace the March 2012 energy agreement (see Accelerating Green Energy Towards 2020, Energy Policy in Denmark, and past IEA Wind TCP Annual Reports [1, 2]). The latest update on the 2012 agreement was the Minister’s report to Parliament on 29 April 2016 (in Danish).

The Danish Parliament decided in November 2016 to transfer the funding of Danish support for renewables to the state budget over a five-year period and to accept the bids for three offshore wind farms totaling 950 MW.

Renewable Energy Targets

Denmark has targets for 30% renewable energy in total energy consumption by 2020 and 50% by 2030. Further plans include phasing out fossil fuels to make Denmark independent of fossil fuels by 2050. Wind power targets include adding:

  • 1,000 MW of large-scale offshore wind farms before 2022. Through a tendering process, this goal will be reached with the Horns Rev III 400 MW wind farm in operation in 2017–2020, and the Krieger Flak 600 MW wind farm in operation before 2022. The European Union (EU) will support the grid connection with 1.1 billion DDK (1.5 million EUR; 1.6 million USD).
  • 350 MW in near-coast offshore installations using a tendering process and 50 MW of offshore turbines for R&D (reduced to 28 MW per the new Public Service Obligation (PSO) agreement)
  • 500–600 MW net land-based capacity before 2020. This will be comprised of 1,800 MW land-based capacity of which 1,300 MW is repowering.