The United Kingdom had a successful year for wind energy in 2016; the offshore market continued to grow and the level of wind energy penetration in the grid remained over 10% despite lower than average wind speeds.
The remarkable cost reduction achieved by offshore wind has contributed to increased investor confidence in the public sector. Significant investments in manufacturing facilities have materialized, showing the confidence in the potential of the UK market’s supply chain. The second Contract for Difference (CfD) auction round announced in 2016, will ensure continued deployment, although the lack of long-term visibility of new capacity reduces the certainty of future investments.
In 2016, the UK made significant progress in the deployment of higher-rated turbines, new test facilities, condition monitoring, and application of computational fluid dynamics to wind farm design, as well as floating wind technology.